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Currency Management Overview About Us

About About


The Reserve Bank is the nation's sole note issuing authority. Along with the Government of India, we are responsible for the design, production and overall management of the nation's currency, with the goal of ensuring an adequate supply of clean and genuine notes.

Along with Government of India, we are responsible for the design, production and overall management of the nation’s currency, with the goal of ensuring an adequate supply of clean and genuine notes.

The Government of India is the issuing authority of coins and supplies coins to the Reserve Bank on demand. The Reserve Bank puts the coins into circulation on behalf of the Central Government.

In consultation with the Government of India, we work towards maintaining confidence in the currency by constantly endeavouring to enhance integrity of banknotes through new design and security features.

Currency Management Simple Content

Few initiatives

We have taken several initiatives to improve customer service with regard to banknotes. Some of them are:

  • Giving incentive to banks for adjudication of cut notes and mopping up of soiled notes
  • Transferring currency exchange facility to bank branches
  • Permitting banks to engage the services of Business Correspondents and Cash-In-Transit companies for distribution of notes and coins and ensure last mile connectivity
  • Introduction of New MG Series of Banknotes
  • MANI App a mobile application for aiding visually impaired persons to identify the denomination of Indian Banknotes

Currency Management Key Topics

Key Topics

Currency Management Overview Accordion

  • The Department of Currency Management at Central Office, Mumbai, in cooperation with the Issue Departments of the Reserve Bank’s Regional Offices across India oversees currency management. The function includes supplying and distributing adequate quantity of currency throughout the country and ensuring the quality of banknotes in circulation by continuous supply of clean notes and timely withdrawal of soiled notes.
  • This is achieved through a wide network of 2,794 currency chests of commercial banks. Currency chests are extended arms of the Reserve Bank Issue Departments and are responsible for meeting the currency requirements of their respective regions.
  • Four printing presses print and supply banknotes. These are at Dewas in Madhya Pradesh, Nasik in Maharashtra, Mysore in Karnataka, and Salboni in West Bengal.
  • The presses in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra are owned by the Security Printing and Minting Corporation of India (SPMCIL), a wholly owned company of the Government of India. The presses in Karnataka and West Bengal are owned by the Bharatiya Reserve Bank Note Mudran Private Limited (BRBNMPL), a wholly owned subsidiary of the Reserve Bank.
  • Coins are minted by the Government of India. The Reserve Bank is the agent of the Government for distribution, issue and handling of coins. Four mints are in operation: Mumbai in Maharashtra, Noida in Uttar Pradesh, Kolkata, and Hyderabad.
  • Continual upgrades of banknote security features
  • Public awareness campaigns to educate citizens to help prevent circulation of forged or counterfeit notes
  • Installation of note sorting machines
  • Education campaign on preferred way to handle notes: No stapling, writing/ scribbling, excessive folding and the like.
  • Timely removal of soiled notes: use of currency verification and processing systems, note sorting machines and shredding & briquetting system.
  • Exchange facility for mutilated or defective notes: at all branches of banks (Small Finance Banks and Payment Banks may exchange mutilated and defective notes at their option).
  • Coins in circulation: 50 paise, 1, 2, 5, 10 and 20 Rupee.
  • Notes in circulation: Rs. 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 and 2000.
  • Bank notes are legal tender at any place in India for payment without limit.
  • The coins shall be a legal tender in payment or on account, in case of--

(a) a coin of any denomination not lower than one rupee, for any sum not exceeding one thousand rupees;

(b) a half-rupee coin, for any sum not exceeding ten rupees;

(c) any other coin, for any sum not exceeding one rupee:

Provided that the coin has not been defaced and has not lost weight so as to be less than such weight as may be prescribed in its case.

  • Focus continues on ensuring availability of clean notes and on strengthening the security features of bank notes. Given the volumes involved and costs incurred in the printing, transport, storage and removal of unfit/soiled notes, the Reserve Bank is evaluating ways to extend the life of bank notes - particularly in lower denominations. We are for instance considering issue of varnished banknotes.

Currency Management Legal Framework


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Page Last Updated on: November 23, 2022

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